PRODUCTION OF VEGETABLE PLANTS
PRODUCTION OF FLOWER PLANTS
WASHING AND STERILIZATION OF TRAYS
The washing of trays is one of our most important processes within our health policies and is carried out in 4 steps:
- Percutaneous: A process that consists of detaching substrate remains after the transplant is done.
- First washing: This phase consists of washing the tray with water under pressure by means of a shower.
- Second Washing: A procedure that consists of cleaning the trays with soap and water.
- Third Washing: The trays must pass through the washing machine, which inject a solution of water with chlorine.
- Tray sterilization: Trays are exposed to water steam for 30 minutes at a temperature of 80 ° C (176 ˚F) to remove any pathogenic microorganisms.
The sowing is done by an electronic control seeder that has the capacity to sow 9 trays per minute (540 trays per hour). The process of planting in:
- Tray filling with substrate.
- Marking of trays through a griddle.
- Placement of the seed in the substrate through rollers by means of suction.
- Seed cover with vermiculite and irrigation.
After passing through the machine, the trays are stored in racks and identified with the assigned code (sealed). Once grazed, they are sent to the germination chamber or they extend directly to the greenhouse, depending on the temperature requirements of each species.
In the germination chamber, the trays are maintained at controlled temperature and relative humidity and in the optimum conditions according to the requirement of the crop to achieve an excellent germination.
PLACEMENT OF TRAYS IN GREENGOUSES/SHADEHOUSES
Once the majority of the seed has the radicle emerged it is time to remove the trays from the germination chamber and be sent to a greenhouse where the emergency process is completed.
Once the trays have been spread on benches inside the greenhouse, it is covered with anti-bird netting to prevent damage to newly emerged seeds or seedlings.
We use reverse osmosis water to keep the electrical conductivity and pH constant in the nutrient solution. The pH and conductivity of the irrigation water and the substrate are monitored in order to detect any anomalies and adjust them. The irrigations are done in the morning with the aim of avoiding the late-night with humidity in the foliage and reduce the risk of diseases.
INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM)
We implemented a preventive pest and disease control program, in which we perform effective rotation of chemical groups and modes of action according to the IRAC (InsecticideResistanceActionCommittee) and the FRAC (Fungicide ResistanceActionCommittee). From the beginning of the germination of the seed we applied products via irrigation and fumigated. Yellow traps are placed with glue, light traps and pheromones; As well as the use of biorational products that are characterized by low environmental impact and are also compatible with beneficial fauna and pollinators.
Prior to the delivery of the seedling this is exposed to stress conditions similar to those that will be exposed once it is taken to field. For this the plant is removed from the greenhouses or meshes shadows outdoors (if the destination of the production is open field), the fertilization, especially of nitrogen, is lowered; And is irrigated with a smaller amount of water, this whole process helps us to generate a “hard” plant that assures resistance to transportation and transplant stress and responds quickly to field management.
It is sought that the seedling at the time of delivery to the client is of a lignified stem (that allows the manipulation by the transplanters), with an abundant and healthy root system.
Once the development of the seedling Baja Plants has been completed, the company has made available to the customers structures specially designed for plant transportation with the aim of always taking care of the quality of the plant, at no cost to the farmer.
PROCESS OF PLANT PRODUCTION
PRODUCTION OF GRAFTING
The technique of production of horticultural grafts consists of joining two plants with different characteristics:
It is the one that will contribute the aerial part of the resulting plant and therefore will determine the characteristics (shape, flavor, color, etc.) of the fruit that we will obtain.
It is the plant that will contribute the root system. It is characterized mainly by its high tolerance or resistance to pests and soil diseases, and in addition can add vigor to the resulting plant and a better behavior in adverse conditions.
- Resistance to pests and soil diseases.
- Increased productivity.
- Better tolerances to adverse conditions such as salinity.
- Lower consumption of fungicides and fertilizers.
- Greater use of water.
PRODUCTION PROCESS OF GRAFTING
The first phase of the process begins with the sowing of the variety to be grafted, then the rootstock is planted with a difference of 3 to 12 days depending on the type of crop, whether solanaceous or cucurbitaceous, the trays used for sowing are Cells of 39 cubic centimeters and 22 cubic centimeters.
After sowing the crops are sent to the germination chamber waiting 5 to 12 days to know the effective plants to be taken into account for grafting, both in variety and pattern grafting should be done when the pattern And the variety have the same diameter in the stem at the height of the cotyledon, the cuts of the pattern and the variety are made diagonally at 45 °. Once the cut is done, the two parts are joined by special clamps or clips.
PREPARATION AND DEVELOPMENT
After the grafting has taken place, the plants pass to the breeding room where they remain from 4 to 7 days depending on the type of crop. Once the grafting is done, it is sent to the acclimatization area and they remain for 2 to 5 days, gradually decreasing the humidity and temperature ranges in order to achieve the highest number of stings.
To finish with the grafting project, the plants located in the acclimatization area are moved to the greenhouse where they will remain until they are shipped.
Es el único método para conservar características deseables de híbridos sin semillas.
Resistencia a plagas y enfermedades del suelo
Otorga resistencia frente a bacterias, virus y nemátodos, siendo una alternativa en el control de enfermedades como marchitez por hongos entre otras.
El injerto crea una nueva planta siendo una tecnología de mejoramiento más rápida que los métodos convencionales.
Vigor radicular es otorgado por la añadidura del porta-injerto, dando fuerza a todo el sistema de raíces y que produce un incremento en la calidad, número y tamaño de los frutos.
Ahorro de espacio
La densidad por hectárea puede reducirse hasta la mitad, porque el vigor de una planta injertada permite manejarla a dos tallos y reemplaza a cultivos a un tallo.
Incremento de productividad
Mejora la tolerancia a factores adversos (salinidad, falta o exceso de humedad), propiciando el uso eficiente del agua y nutrientes.
COL DE BRUSELAS
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Be a leader in quality, technology and service. Succeed to satisfy the needs of our customers. Incorporate new technologies according to the trends identified in the relationship that is maintained with customers and the current market environment.
Make Baja Plants the most recognized company for its commitment to quality and service through motivated enthusiasts, enthusiasts and professionals dedicated to the production of seedlings.
- Quality: Offer a product higher to what the client expects to receive and at an affordable price.
- Innovation: Creation of added value on our products and the introduction of products and processes within our production system.
- Compliance: Execute and carry out the commitments acquired in a timely manner.
- Honesty: Consistent behavior and expression with consistency and sincerity, and in accordance with the values of truth and justice
Baja Plants was founded in 2001 by 5 partners interested in promoting the development of the San Quentin Valley and created a company exclusively dedicated to the production of seedlings with the initial objective of supplying the growing demand for seedlings in the coastal zone of Baja California .
Baja Plants currently has an exclusive area for the disinfection of trays, a storage for trays, a sowing store, germination chamber, more than 4 hectares of covered surface to give the optimal conditions to the plant and 3 hours for air conditioning and hardening. In addition we have a laboratory for multiplication “in vitro” and a workshop for the production of solanaceous and cucurbit grafts.
OUR PROFESSIONAL TEAM
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